**Enterprise** **Value**, or Firm **Value**, is the entire **value** of a firm equal to its equity **value**, plus **net** **debt**, plus any minority interest, used in Menu Corporate Finance Institut The Enterprise Value Enterprise Value (EV) Enterprise Value, or Firm Value, is the entire value of a firm equal to its equity value, plus net debt, plus any minority interest, used in of a business is equal to its equity value plus its net debt The net debt is the market value of debt minus cash. A company acquiring another company keeps the cash of the target firm, which is why cash needs to be deducted from the firm's price as.. Enterprise value definition Enterprise value equals equity value plus net debt (where net debt is defined as debt and equivalents minus cash). Enterprise value (EV) = Equity value (QV) + Net debt (ND Enterprise Value = Equity Value + Net Debt (debt-cash) + Minority Int + Pref Stock + other unfunded liabilities 5. Divide equity value by diluted shares outstanding. You discount everything back to the present before you move from Enterprise to Equity value. Therefore you use today's cash balance (and debt/minority int/etc) balance. Hope this helps

A good command of enterprise value techniques and the proper treatment of net debt is essential in modern equity valuation Enterprise Value = Equity Value + Debt + Preferred Stock + Noncontrolling Interests - Cash To move from Equity Value to Enterprise Value, you subtract non-core-business Assets - just Cash in this case - and you add items that represent other investor groups - Debt and Preferred Stock in this case - 'Net debt'-definition - 'Referensnivå' rörelsekapital Slutgiltigt pris för aktier, Bud justerat för verklig nettoskuld Enterprise Value ('EV') 100 Startpunkt för pris i SPA Enterprise Value ('EV') 100 + likvida medel 5 Vid överlåtelsetidpunkt + likvida medel 1 enterprise value to the extent there is cash or debt in the business and if there is a difference between the actual working capital and its 'normal' level at completion. This can be expressed as an enterprise value to equity value bridge, as shown below, which also illustrates the material impact these items can have on the final price: Enterprise value to equity value bridg Enterprise Value, which reflects the buyer's valuation of a company, is adjusted by the amount of debt in the business net of any cash existing in the business available to repay that debt. For example, a buyer might value a company at $500m, but won't pay $500m if that company has $50m of debt and only $25m of cash to repay this debt (leaving a future exposed liability of $25m)

Enterprise value = $1 billion. It is the same: Enterprise value is not impacted. Of course this time, the buyer is not just buying the enterprise, the buyer also assumes the $200m in debt, slightly offset by $20m in cash. The acquirer is still getting the same business, just with a lot more debt * In this tutorial, you'll learn how the Debt / Equity Ratio, or Debt / Total Capital Ratio, of a company impacts its Enterprise Value - and you'll understand*.

- us cash on the balance sheet. Arguably, comparing debt to EV provides a more accurate valuation of a company because it is more comprehensive (includes equity and debt,
- EV = Equity Value + Net Debt + Noncontrolling Interest + Preferred Stock + Capital Leases. Enterprise value is the theoretical price an acquirer might pay for another firm, and is useful in comparing firms with different capital structures since the value of a firm is unaffected by its choice of capital structure
- us cash) is how you calculate enterprise value, but it's not the actual meaning of the term. The actual meaning is that Enterprise value represents the value of a company's core business operations to all the investors in the company
- EV（=Enterprise Value）は企業価値ではない そもそも、企業価値とは何かについて触れておきましょう。 企業価値は事業価値と非事業資産の価値に分けられます（下図左側ご参照）
- Enterprise value is both the value of a business and the sum of the values of all claims on that business. Therefore, all financing claims must be valued at market (or fair) value instead of using book values from the financial statements. This applies to both debt and equity type claims
- In practice, Cash is often subtracted from Debt to get an important statistic called Net Debt. Net Debt is the value of the Debt once balance sheet Cash has, hypothetically, been used to pay some of it off. Diagrams below will explain the different ways of conceptualizing this.) Minority Interest: This is a tricky one

Understanding Enterprise Value (EV) Simply put, EV is the sum of a company's market cap and its net debt. To compute the EV, total debt—both short- and long-term—is added to a company's market cap,.. The value of the equity in the house (the Equity Value) is $200,000 - this being the value to the contributors of equity into the house or the net of Enterprise Value ($1m) minus debt ($800,000). Typical Adjustments from Enterprise Value to Equity Value Net Debt Adjustments. Lacking more frequent disclosure of the fair value of debt means analysts and investors need to estimate the market value of debt. Although the market value of outstanding bonds can be monitored, this is nearly impossible for the related derivatives Businesses calculate enterprise value by adding up the market capitalization, or market cap, plus all of the debts in the company. The calculation for equity value adds enterprise value to redundant assets. Then, it subtracts the debt net of cash available ** When calculating net debt for enterprise value, most academic formulas use long-term debt + current portion of long-term debt**. Isn't that missing some debt? I feel like other liabilities (classified under long-term) and other short-term liabilities (accrued expenses)and making sure working capital is positive should all be added to the debt portion of enterprise value

Enterprise Value (EV) Vereinfachende Berechnung des Enterprise Value mit Nettofinanzverbindlichkeiten (Net Debt) Vereinfachend geht man häufig davon aus, dass die nicht-betriebsnotwendigen Vermögensgegenstände ausschließlich aus den Finanzanlagen bestehen. Darüber hinaus werden. The bridge between debt free cash free and shares value is net debt (see the second bullet point above), although there is another way to get there too, as outlined in the third bullet point above. Enterprise value. Those who have studied finance before will recognise the similarity between debt free cash free value and enterprise value Enterprise Value changes only if Operating Assets or Liabilities, such as Net PP&E, Inventory, Accounts Receivable, or Deferred Revenue change. Key Point #2: Metrics That Represent ONLY Equity Investors Pair with Equity Value, and Metrics That Represent ALL Investors Pair with Enterprise Value The relationship between enterprise and equity value can be summarized as follows: Since enterprise value equals net debt plus equity value, enterprise value can be derived from equity value and vice versa. In trading comparables, for example, the starting point is the calculation of equity value and from this enterprise value is derived

- ority interest, cash, and cash equivalents.Value of a company can be measured from its own assets. By assets, one can know both liabilities and shareholder's equity as the source of fund can be equity or finance
- Enterprise Value Analysis. Short term loans and advances. Problem: From the given balance sheet, calculate enterprise value of the company. Company has 250 million shares outstanding currently trading at Rs 200 each. Solution: EV =Equity Value + Net Debt + Minority Interest + Preferred Capital - Investment in Associate
- What is Enterprise Value? Definition: Enterprise value, also called firm value, is a business valuation calculation that measures the worth of a company by comparing its stock price, outstanding debt, and cash and equivalents in the event of a company sale. In other words, it's a way to measure how much a purchasing company should pay to buy out another company
- A good command of enterprise value techniques and the proper treatment of net debt is essential in modern equity valuation. Whether it is about unlevering/relevering of betas, using multiples or applying entity valuation methods such as the weighted average cost of capital (wacc) approach: Valuation professionals always need to know how to treat financial positions that are not outright.
- Definition av Enterprise value. Enterprise value är värdet på företaget (rörelsen eller Rörelsevärde).Skulderna plus marknadsvärdet för aktierna: EV = marknadsvärde eget kapital + bokförda skulder - likvida medel. Enterprise value definieras som marknadsvärdet på det egna kapitalet justerat för nettoskulden
- This discussion question has two parts. Use Figure 15.7 in your textbook which shows the net debt-to-enterprise value ratio for some select industries to answer both parts of the question. Respond to both parts to receive full credit for this assignment. Part 1: Firms in the real estate investment trusts (REITs), airlines, electric utilities, and paper products industries tend to have high.
- Since the buyer is only buying the enterprise value, the buyer simply defines the purchase price as the $1 billion, which is the enterprise value. Note that from the buyer's perspective, since there's $0 net debt that goes along with this newly acquired business, the equity value of the newly acquired business is simply $1 billion - the same as the enterprise value

Enterprise Value När man talar om marknadsvärdet på ett företag talar man om priset på det egna kapitalet i bolaget, dvs priset på bolagets aktier gånger antalet aktier. Men om man ville köpa hela bolaget och lösa dess skulder så skulle man ju få betala mer än priset på aktierna, man skulle även få betala hela beloppet bolaget är skyldigt till sina långivare för att få en. Enterprise value is the label applied to this headline price. However, enterprise value does not take into account the timing of the transaction. At any given point in time, the level of working capital or net debt within the business can fluctuate implied enterprise value of companies as net debt will increase, while the equity value (market capitalisation) should remain the same. In the DCF approach and assuming a Free Cash Flow to Firm (FCFF) model, enterprise values are assessed based on the net present value of expected free cash flows and the impact of IFRS 16 will generally b

That is, we work out EV (often using a multiple of cash flow or earnings), then we subtract net debt to find the equity value. This makes it a market valuation Enterprise value is total company value (the market value of common equity, debt, and preferred equity) minus the value of cash and short-term investments. Netflix Inc.'s EV increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020 Enterprise Value=Equity Value+Total Debt+Preferred Stock+NCI-Cash and cash equivalents普通股所有

Enterprise value and equity value may both be used in the valuation or sale of a business. But each offers a slightly different view. Businesses calculate enterprise value by adding up the market capitalization, or market cap, plus all of the debts in the company. The calculation for equity value adds enterprise value to redundant assets The enterprise value of a is an investment management company with a market cap of $56.50 billion and an enterprise value of -$12.33 billion. It has no debt, has a net worth of $.

- Relevance and Use. The importance of enterprise value revolves around the fact that it helps in the assessment of the worth of a company. Further, the enterprise value can also be seen as the theoretical takeover price of a company, which is to be acquired, since it accounts for the impact of the outstanding debt as well as the cash balance that is also taken over by the acquirer during the.
- When calculating
**net****debt**for**enterprise****value**, most academic formulas use long-term**debt**+ current portion of long-term**debt**. Isn't that missing some**debt**? I feel like other liabilities (classified under long-term) and other short-term liabilities (accrued expenses)and making sure working capital is positive should all be added to the**debt**portion of**enterprise****value** - Calculating Enterprise Value. The enterprise value (EV) Net debt is not dependent on the assumptions used in the DCF valuation, so you can subtract the constant net debt value from the range of EVs calculated as described above to arrive at a range of equity values
- Market Value of Equity (Operating). The market value of equity on an operating basis is Enterprise Value less debt. MVE (Operating) represents the value of equity of a business before considering cash and any other non-operating or excess assets. Total Value of Equity. The Total Value of Equity for a business is the sum of MVE (Operating) and cash
- Calculate Net Debt. Calculate Enterprise Value based on the exit multiples on the left (Enterprise Value = exit multiple x LTM Adj. EBITDA). The highlighted row corresponds to the entry multiple (i.e., constant entry and exit multiples). Equity Value = corresponding Enterprise Value (which varies by exit multiple) - Net Debt
- Enterprise Value Definition. EV is considered the theoretical purchase (takeover) price of a business because a purchaser would take on the company's debt, while pocketing the company's cash and gaining a right to all of the company's future earnings
- us Cash (=Net Debt)? The latter is beco

Therefore, to arrive at a company's enterprise value it is standard practice to calculate the company's equity value (ie. share price multiplied by shares outstanding) and to then add net debt. Net debt is simply the value of the company's debt less the company's cash balance ** The answer is no, since the value of the equity is a current value and these future claims do not exist today**. To illustrate, assume that you have a firm with no debt today and that you assume that it will have a 30% debt ratio in stable growth. Assume further that your estimate of the terminal value for this firm is $10 billion in 5 years Enterprise value (equity plus net debt) based on current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending), based on April 2, 2021 exchange rates EV represents the total value of a company including both its equity and its debt. If we were to compare the value of a business to that of a house, the EV would be the final sale price. However, when you sell a house, there is still a mortgage to pay out before you receive the net cash. The same applies for a business It completely ignores debt capital. 3. Enterprise Value (EV) best represents the total value of a company because it is includes equity and debt capital, and is calculated using current market valuations. Enterprise Value and Market Capitalization. A company with more cash than debt will have an enterprise value less than its market capitalization

The problem is that, under IFRS 16, cash flows are reclassified, which impacts the measurement of operating cash flow, and new debt appears on the balance sheet. Both operating cash flow, as a component of enterprise free cash flow, and net debt are key components in an enterprise value based DCF analysis Enterprise value is a measurement of the total value of a company that shows how much it would cost to buy the entire company, including its debt. To calculate it, add together market capitalization, preferred stock, and debt, then subtract cash and cash equivalents Enterprise value is total company value (the market value of common equity, debt, and preferred equity) minus the value of cash and short-term investments. Ford Motor Co.'s EV decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019 Enterprise value impact. If the pension fund has a significant deficit then the valuation specialist must consider treating it as a debt equivalent. The logic is that, in such a situation, the pension fund is effectively providing funding to the business and is in fact part of the capital structure

- Definition. The enterprise value (EV) measures the value of the ongoing operations of a company.It attempts to measure the value of a company's business instead of measuring the value of the company. It is the measure for calculating how much it would cost to buy a company's business free of its debts and liabilities
- ing the Enterprise Value of a public company is easy — most stock reporting services do it automatically. Calculating the Enterprise Value of a private company is a lot harder
- The enterprise value - or EV for short But because Cramer owed a lot less - its net debt stood at $3.5 billion, its EV was $9.6 billion and its EV/EBIT ratio was only 10,.
- For the net debt, add the short-term and long-term debt ($2,000 and $3,000) to get $5,000. Now, add the market capitalization ($15,000) to the net debt ($5,000) and subtract the cash and cash equivalents ($6,000) to arrive at the enterprise value: $14,000
- Stockopedia explains Net Debt / Price. This measure gives a sense of how indebted a company is relative to its market value. Many companies are valued on the basis of their Enterprise Value, which incorporates debt
- Net debt is calculated as short-term debt plus long-term debt less cash. Result in net debt of negative $150,000. I have purposely made a negative debt because this sometimes can be tricky conceptually. A negative net debt position is also called a net cash position. Now the enterprise value is going to be the market capitalization plus the net.
- ator employs a financial statistic that flows to both debt and equity holders, such as sales, EBITDA, and EBIT. Thus, Enterprise value/net income is incorrect because net income only flows to equity holders as it is net of interest expense

Enterprise value is calculated as market cap plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents. Investopedia also offers an interpretation. Investopedia explains 'Enterprise Value - EV' Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price Equity Value and Enterprise Value are useful for valuation, but less useful for determining the real price paid. The real price paid may be between Equity Value and Enterprise Value, above them, or even below them, depending on the terms of the deal - due to the treatment of debt and cash, fees, and liabilities that don't affect the cash cost of doing the deal Debt free cash free (DFCF) is a method of valuation of the target company during an acquisition transaction. The DFCF valuation accounts for the value of a business and excludes financial impacts of net cash or net debt held during the closing process Note that this does not change enterprise value, as the physical structure itself continues to carry a $1,000,000 value, but it does increase equity value, as the seller would expect to walk away with net proceeds of $450,000 rather than $400,000. The same analysis holds true in selling a business below. Alternatively, the increase in net debt, while equity value remains the same, also implies an increase in enterprise value. Our research indicates that the combined enterprise value3 of the 50 Dutch publicly-listed companies increases by 6%. Secondly, IFRS 16 will presumably also impact th

- Money › Stocks › Stock Valuation and Financial Ratios Enterprise Value. Investors often use the P/E ratio — stock price divided by net earnings — to compare the different stocks to find the best value. A stock with a lower P/E is often considered a better value, because its price is lower compared to its earnings
- In careers like Equity Research, Financial Modeling and Investment Banking, you need to calculate equity value, enterprise value, understand the capital structure of the business, debt, and cash available, use discounted cash flow valuation, enterprise value multiples in company analysis
- ority interest and preferred shares,
- al Value back to Year o (i.e., back to today) and sum these figures to deter
- Took me a little while to understand this, so I'm going to do my best to articulate it in a way that doesn't take very long to digest. There are terms here that confuse what is actually being expressed by the formula. The end result, Enterprise Va..
- If an investor relied only on the P/E multiple to estimate the value of equity, they would conclude that the equity is worth $20 ($2 Net Income * 10x P/E multiple). Equity Value = Enterprise Value - Debt = $50 - $60 = -$10.

The Enterprise value factors in Market capitalization, cash, debt and other assets and liabilities. AMD 77.86 +0.42(0.54%) Will AMD be a Portfolio Killer in May Net debt is a financial liquidity metric used to measure a company's ability to pay its obligations by comparing its total debt with its liquid assets. In other words, this calculation shows how much debt a company has relative to its liquid assets. Thus, demonstrating its ability to pay off the debt immediately if it were called I estimate VRX's enterprise value is $22B or 7.5x run-rate EBITDA. Its enterprise value is much less than its net debt of $27B. Shocking The Street estimated VRX was insolvent by $8B. Avoid the stock

- From enterprise value to Equity value : Enterprise value (€5 million x 8,0 multiple) €40,0m: Plus free cash : €1,5m: Minus debts (€7,5m) Plus working capital on date of takeover: €12,0m : Minus normal level of working capital (€14,0m) Working capital adjustment (€2,0m) Equity value : €32,0
- C. Enterprise Value+Net debt=Equity Value D. Net Debt=Total Debt-Cash and Investments. Fundamental Accounting Equation
- Enterprise Value (EV) is calculated by adding the equity value to the debts and subtracting cash. This seems counterintuitive at first glance — why would you add debt and subtract cash? Consider how much a company would cost were you to acquire the entire business outright; you would need to buy the existing shareholders out of their equity and assume all liabilities

If the company has operating leases, unfunded pensions, and net deferred tax asset, the enterprise value still doesn't tell you what the company is worth. This is where total enterprise value comes in. TEV = Market cap + all debt equivalents (including the capitalized value of operating leases, unfunded pensions, etc) - cash, cash. This ratio is calculated by dividing Net Debt for the recent fiscal interim by the Historic Enterprise Value for the same period and is expressed as percent. Net Debt represents Total Debt minus Total Cash & Short Term Investments. Historic Enterprise Value represents Market Capitalization minus Cash and Equivalents plus Total Debt, Minority Interest and Preferred Stock

Equity value = enterprise value + cash - debt +/- working capital excess/shortfall. Whether the equity value will be higher or lower than the enterprise value depends on the net effect of the various adjustments (i.e. whether they end up as an overall positive or negative) 주식가치(Equity Value) = 주당가격 × 발행주식 총수; 기업가치(Enterprise Value = 주식가치(Equity Value) + 순부채(Net Debt) 따라서, 기업가치(EV) - 순부채(Net Debt) = 주식가치(Equity Value) 여기서, 순부채(Net Debt) = 이자부담차입금(IBD, Interest Bearing Debt) - 현금자 Enterprise Value = Earnings (or EBITDA) times (x) a multiple. Market Value of the Equity = Enterprise Value - Funded Debt. Market Value of the Equity = Proceeds to the Owners. EBITDA $1,800,000 Earnings Multiple 5.0 Enterprise Value $9,000.000 Less: Funded Debt ($1,430,000) Proceeds to Owners Before Expenses $7,570,00 39 Net Debt Issued Equity: DES 16 Valuation, Dividend policy As a general rule, stay away from the computational data provided by Bloomberg, where they try to estimate numbers based upon raw data. For instance, the WACC and Dividend discount model valuations that they provide are not very useful The net worth calculation of any entrepreneur is based on their percent of ownership and the value of that business entity. One of the reasons that I like owning multiple companies is now easily it builds my net worth. Company 1: 100% owner, $30M.

Since enterprise value includes both debt and equity, and EBITA is the profit available to investors, a change in capital structure will have no systematic effect. Only when such a change lowers the cost of capital will changes lead to a higher multiple. Even so, don't forget that enterprise-value-to-EBITA multiples still depend on ROIC and. Enterprise value captures the cost of an entire business, including debt and equity. It is a sum of claims of all preferred shareholders, debt holders, security holders, common equity holders, and minority shareholders - unlike market cap, which only captures the total value of common equity securities Using the enterprise multiple is a reasonably easy way to value the company, and it includes items such as debt, not often found in valuation methods. The multiple has several different components to it, including the current price of the company The formula for Enterprise Value that I often see is: EV = Total Debt + Market Cap - Cash Often Cash is refined further as Excess Cash in this formula.My question is how can I determine the amount of excess cash a company has from it's balance sheet?. Is it as simple as subtracting Current Liabilities from Total Cash, since it would be advisable for a company to keep enough cash on hand to.

Enterprise value/EBITDA ratio (EV/E) The EV/EBITDA ratio, also known as the enterprise multiple, is the ratio of a company's enterprise value to its earnings before non-cash items and is commonly. BRIEF-Andeavor Logistics to acquire Western Refining Logistics for total enterprise value of $1.8 bln, including net debt

JAZZ Market Cap data by YCharts.. Celldex Therapeutics, on the other hand, has a lot of cash, and is practically debt-free.Its recent enterprise value of just $180.8 million makes it a far more. Find out all the key statistics for JD.com, Inc. (JD), including valuation measures, fiscal year financial statistics, trading record, share statistics and more What is the enterprise value of Company B? How much the buyer should pay to the current owner to own 100% stake in B? Lets use the enterprise value formula again. Enterprise value = Market Cap+Debt-Cash. Enterprise value = 30,000+500-600 = Rs.29,500 Crore. Payment to made to current owner = Market Cap-Debt+Cash Consolidation. Group. Comments. Equity value. 5,612.5 (1,950 + 3,010 + 652.5) Equity value * the % owned by group Net debt 2,100 (1,200 + 900) Add together the businesses which are consolidated - ignore the equity affiliate busines

eValuation is based on the discounted cash flow method, which is characterised by a two-step approach. As a first step, the company's overall market value (i.e. enterprise value) is derived as the sum of the present values of all future financial surpluses (free cash flows) available to capital providers (i.e. equity investors and debt holders) Net Present Value Method. margin per BOE, per share growth of reserves and production, enterprise value/discretionary cash flow and finding costs/depreciation, depletion and amortization. View chapter Purchase book. Read full chapter. the value of the leased asset is added to the market value of debt and equity

Debt= 1.2% -> 15% Value of Op Assets $ 14,910 + Cash $ 26 = Value of Firm $14,936 - Value of Debt $ 349 = Value of Equity $14,587 - Equity Options $ 2,892 Value per share $ 34.32 Riskfree Rate : T. Bond rate = 6.5% + Beta 1.60 -> 1.00 X Risk Premium 4% Internet/ Retail Operating Leverage Current D/E: 1.21% Base Equity Premium Country Risk. Advanced enterprise value calculator that calculates the economic worth of a company's business on the basis of Shares, Market Value of Debt & Interest Enterprise value. A company's enterprise value is its worth as a functioning entity, or its acquisition cost. You calculate enterprise value by adding a company's total long- and short-term debt to its market capitalization and subtracting its liquid assets, including cash, cash equivalents, and investments Finally, we derive enterprise value in Column F (MVTC - cash). At this level Apple's enterprise value of $371 billion is only about 8% greater than Microsoft's EV of $344 billion. IBM's MVTC is $191 billion and, given its modest debt, its enterprise value is $176 billion. All of this discussion thus far is descriptive

Although the book value of debt is most commonly used in practical finance, the market value of debt is more precise because it involves both the cash flows and the debt of a firm. Also, the market value of debt helps financial analysts to calculate the enterprise value of a firm Enterprise value/EBITDA (more commonly referred to by the acronym EV/EBITDA) is a popular valuation multiple used in the finance industry to measure the value of a company. It is the most widely used valuation multiple based on enterprise value and is often used in conjunction with, or as an alternative to, the P/E ratio (Price/Earnings ratio) to determine the fair market value of a company Total Valuation. CCIV has a market cap or net worth of $5.13 billion. The enterprise value is $5.13 billion LBO Model Valuation. The LBO valuation is a central tool used to evaluate financial structure, return on investment and valuation of a potential target of a leveraged buyout.. A simple LBO model starts with free cash flow projections. To reduce leverage over time funds amortize on their debt. Commonly buyout funds use a 100% cash sweep, which means that all free cash flows after interest. Note that this is the enterprise value, the economical value of fixed assets and net working capital. From this, we can calculate the economic value of equity by applying: (Economic) value of equity = Enterprise value + Cash - Debt = 2920 + 20 - 1080 = 1860. Note that this was based on an assumed WACC of 16%

Total Valuation. QuantumScape has a market cap or net worth of $10.66 billion. The enterprise value is $9.14 billion Estimate of rE based on the target consolidated debt-to-value ratio: D E = D V E V = D V 1− D V = 37.2% 1− 37.2% = 37.2% 62.8% = 59.28% βU = β E 1+ (1− TC )(D E) = 1.25 1+ (1− 0.4) × 0.5924 = 0.922 D E = D V E V = D V 1− D V = 32.2% 1− 32.2% = 32.2% 67.8% = 47.49% β E = βU × (1+ (1− TC )(D E)) = 0.922 × (1+ (1− 0.4) × 0.4749) = 1.1848 rE = rf + β E RM − r ( f ) = 2.8. Enterprise Value(企业价值) = Market Capitalization(市值) +Debt(负债) - Cash(现金) 自由现金流量可分为企业整体自由现金流量和企业股权自由现金流量。整体自由现金流量是指企业扣除了所有经营支出、投资需要和税收之后的，在清偿债务之前的剩余现金流量

In order to counteract this, we must add to Enterprise Value, the value of the sub that the parent company does not own (the minority interest). By doing this, both the numerator and denominator of our valuation metric account for 100% of the sub, and we have a consistent (apples to apples) metric Assuming that Disney has a tax rate of 35%, calculate its after-tax **debt** cost of capital Calculate Disney's WACC. Calculate Disney's **net** **debt** by subtracting its cash (3.39B) from its **debt**. Recalculate the weights for the WACC using the market **value** of equity, **net** **debt**, and **enterprise** **value**