Given the set S = { v1, v2, , v n } of vectors in the vector space V, determine whether S spans V. SPECIFY THE NUMBER OF VECTORS AND THE VECTOR SPACES. Please select the appropriate values from the popup menus, then click on the Submit button. Number of vectors: n = * Get the free The Span of 2 Vectors widget for your website, blog, Wordpress, Blogger, or iGoogle*. Find more Mathematics widgets in Wolfram|Alpha

Find the distance between the vectors and . Possible Answers: Correct answer: Explanation: To find the distance between the vectors, we use the formula. , where one vector is. and the other is. This calculator finds the distance between a point and a plane (vector geometry) You can try to calculate the average minimum distance between two vectors p and q of dimensions n and m (n ~= m): d = 1/n * sum_i=1:n ( min_j=1:m (p(i) - q(j))) + 1/m * sum_j=1:m (min_i=1:n (p(i) - q(j)) Find the distance from a vector $v=(2,4,0,-1)$ to the subspace $U\subset R^4$ given by the following system of linear equations: $2x_1+2x_2+x_3+x_4=0$ $2x_1+4x_2+2x_3+4x_4=0 * 100′ span, V1 and V2 of 20′, H1 of 75, H2 of 25 the load calculations show T1 of 388*.1, and T2 of 480.23. The angle at the load here shows 126.41 degrees. However on the spreadsheet I have, using the same values show T1 of 776.209, and T2 of 320.156 (The loads and angle are equal and match when I set the load in the center of the span distance

The distance between cities of Spain is calculated in kilometers(kms), miles and nautical miles. Distance in miles gives you the mileage between cities by this Spain mileage calculator. Spain Distance Chart (Distance Table): For your quick reference, below is a Distance Chart or Distance Table of distances between some of the major cities in Spain * Zero Vector: span(0) = 0*. One vector: span(v) = a line. Two vector: span(v₁, v₂) = R², if they're not collinear. Three vector or more: span(v₁, v₂, v₃...) = R². Other than two vectors. Shortest distance between two lines. Home. / Mathematics. / Space geometry. Calculates the shortest distance between two lines in space. A line parallel to Vector (p,q,r) through Point (a,b,c) is expressed with. \(\hspace{20px}\frac{x-a}{p}=\frac{y-b}{q}=\frac{z-c}{r}\ Using the linear-combinations interpretation of matrix-vector multiplication, a vector x in Span {v1, . . . , vn} can be written Ax. Thus testing if b is in Span {v1, . . . , vn} is equivalent to testing if the matrix equation Ax = b has a solution

- Vector Projection Calculator - Symbolab. Free vector projection calculator - find the vector projection step-by-step. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. By using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy. Learn more
- ant using row operations: Calculate the deter
- e allowable lengths of joists and rafters, based on size and standard design loads. You can also use the Wood Beam Calculator from the American Wood Council website to deter
- Vector Calculator: add, subtract, find length, angle, dot and cross product of two vectors in 2D or 3D. Detailed expanation is provided for each operation
- Theory: Distance between point and plane. The distance from a point to a plane is equal to length of the perpendicular lowered from a point on a plane. If A x + B y + C z + D = 0 is a plane equation, then distance from point M (M x, M y, M z) to plane can be found using the following formula. d =
- The corresponding vector ~y 0 is a multiple of ~u= (1;2;3). ~y 0 = proj L ~y= (1; 1;2) (1;2;3) (1;2;3) (1;2;3) (1;2;3) = 5 14 (1;2;3): We want the distance between (1; 51;2) and 14 (1;2;3): r 81 142 + 144 49 + 169 142 = r 125 2 49 + 144 49 = r 59 14: Now let's turn to the rst problem, the distance between a point p and a plane H. Suppose that His the span of two orthogonal vectors ~

UK Driving Distance Calculator, calculates the Distance and Driving Directions between two addresses, places, cities, villages, towns or airports in UK. This distance and driving directions will also be displayed on google map labeled as Distance Map and Driving Directions UK. The distance between cities of UK is calculated in kilometers (kms),. col A contains all linear combinations of the 3 basis vectors: col A = c 1 + c 2 + c 3 c i in R = span , , { Therefore, projection of the arbitrary vector on the decart axis, equals to corresponding coordinate of the vector. A little bit complicated to calculate the projection of the abritrary vector to the arbitrary axis or arbitraty vector .In this case, we need to calculate the angle between corresponging vectors, what can be done by using the vectors scalar product formula Theorem. Let V be a subspace in a Euclidean vector space W and let w be a vector from W. Let w=v+v' where v is the projection of w onto V and v' is the normal component (as in the theorem about orthdogonal complements). Then ||v'|| is the distance from w to V and v is the closest to w vector in V. Proof. Since v'=w-v, ||v'|| is the distance from w to v Calculator Use. Enter 2 sets of coordinates in the 3 dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, (X 1, Y 1, Z 1) and (X 2, Y 2, Z 2), to get the distance formula calculation for the 2 points and calculate distance between the 2 points.. Accepts positive or negative integers and decimals

Free matrix and vector calculator - solve matrix and vector operations step-by-step This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. By using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy The distance between any two points on the real line is the absolute value of the numerical difference of their coordinates. Thus if. d ( p , q ) = | p − q | . {\displaystyle d (p,q)=|p-q|.} d ( p , q ) = ( p − q ) 2 . {\displaystyle d (p,q)= {\sqrt { (p-q)^ {2}}}. ** The Distance Between Two Vectors**. Sometimes we will want to calculate the distance between two vectors or points. We will derive some special properties of distance in Euclidean n-space thusly. Given some vectors $\vec{u}, \vec{v} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, we denote the distance between those two points in the following manner The Duration Calculator calculates the number of days, months and years between two dates Yes, though you could hand it all points at once as well. Per default query returns the closest vector in A to the given one. And it returns the distance to that vector and the position of the closest vector in A. - haraldkl Sep 8 '15 at 19:4

2012 version of the Span Calculator for Wood Joists and Rafters. Uses wood properties from the 2012 NDS. Results from this calculator do not reflect the latest information, contained in the 2018 NDS what I want to do in this video is start with some point that's not on the plane or maybe not necessarily on the plane so let me draw let me draw a point right over here and let's say the coordinates of that point are X naught X sub 0 Y sub 0 and Z sub 0 or it could be specified as a position **vector** I could draw the position **vector** like this so the position **vector** let me draw a better dotted. Span / Contour Properties This mode allows you to find precise information about the individual spans of a vector shape in 2D View. Use your mouse pointer to click on any part of the shape and the information relating to the entity you have clicked will be displayed on the form Find the vector subspace E spanned by the set of vectors V. V = {(-2 -4 2 -4); (-1 2 0 1); (1 6 -2 5)} How to solve this problem? The span of a set of vectors V is the set of all possible linear combinations of the vectors of V. It will be use the notation [V] to denote the span of V The beam calculator automatically uses ClearCalcs' powerful finite element analysis engine to determine moment, shear, and deflection as you work. Start your free ClearCalcs trial to unlock saving and export, as well as even more calculators for wood, steel, and concrete beams, columns, and footings

Vector norm Calculator . Home / Linear Algebra / Vector; Calculates the L1 norm, the Euclidean (L2) norm and the Maximum(L infinity) norm of a vector. \) Vector norm. Customer Voice. Questionnaire. FAQ. Vector norm [0-0] / 0: Disp-Num . The message is not registered. Thank you for your. * Span Tables for Domestic Floor Joists (to BS 5268-7*.1) Note: Our floor joist span tables are based on loadings given in the newer, amended version of BS 6399-1 . This means that some values are slightly more conservative than span tables from other sources if those do not include the amended guidance

Calculate fret placement for guitar, bass, banjo, mandolin, dulcimer, and more in inches or metric. Our Fret Calculator also gives you compensated bridge placement -- only at stewmac.com This free online calculator help you to find a projection of one vector on another. Using this online calculator, you will receive a detailed step-by-step solution to your problem, which will help you understand the algorithm how to find a projection of one vector on another With this angle between two vectors calculator, you'll quickly learn how to find the angle between two vectors. It doesn't matter if your vectors are in 2D or 3D, nor if their representations are coordinates or initial and terminal points - our tool is a safe bet in every case. Play with the calculator and check the definitions and explanations below; if you're searching for the angle between. Enter a matrix, and this calculator will show you step-by-step how to calculate a basis for the Column Space of that matrix This calculator will orthonormalize the set of vectors using the Gram-Schmidt process, with steps shown

The zero vector is also a linear combination of v 1 and v 2, since 0 = 0 v 1 + 0 v 2. In fact, it is easy to see that the zero vector in R n is always a linear combination of any collection of vectors v 1, v 2 v r from R n. The set of all linear combinations of a collection of vectors v 1, v 2 v r from R n is called the span of { v 1. Use the calculator to find the direction of the vectors u = < 2 , 1 > and v = < 1 , 2 >. Why is the sum of the two directions equal to 90°? Find other pairs of vectors whose directions add up to 90° More References and Links Find magnitude and direction of vectors Vector Calculators. Vector Addition and Scalar Multiplication Note: Consider the zero vector space $\{ 0 \}$, i.e., the vector space that contains only the zero vector.We have show that this set is in fact a vector space, and by convention we say that $\mathrm{span} \{ 0 \} = \emptyset$, that is, the the set of all linear combinations of the zero vector is the empty set First we need to calculate the normal vector of the plane by using the cross product: there are two ways: you can find two points on the plane (values which solve the normal form equation) and use them to span the plane (vectors and ). Distance between a point and a line or plane. Line. Plane. Transforming between plane forms. Categories

Effort x its distance from wheel centre = Load x its distance from the wheel centre. This general rule is expressed as clockwise moments = anti-clockwise moments (or CM = ACM) This gives a way of calculating how much force a bridge support (or Reaction ) has to provide if the bridge is to stay up - very useful since bridges are usually too big to just try it and see ** Now that we have a Vector Space Model of documents (like on the image below) modeled as vectors (with TF-IDF counts) and also have a formula to calculate the similarity between different documents in this space, let's see now how we do it in practice using scikit-learn (sklearn)**. Vector Space Model Practice Using Scikit-learn (sklearn Compute distance between each pair of the two collections of inputs. squareform (X[, force, checks]) Convert a vector-form distance vector to a square-form distance matrix, and vice-versa. directed_hausdorff (u, v[, seed]) Compute the directed Hausdorff distance between two N-D arrays Since calculating lift and drag coefficients with a reference area of infinity, would not make sense, we base airfoil lift and drag coefficients for airfoils on the planform area, assuming the span is unity. Airfoil Geometry and Nomenclature (2-D) The figure at the right is a 2-D airfoil section. It consists of the leadin

- Return
**distance**between iterators Calculates the number of elements between first and last . If it is a random-access iterator , the function uses operator- to calculate this - 1. calculate the distance between vectors u and v 2. calculate the projection of u onto the line spanned by v. So I am really lost at this, so any help would be appreciated. Thank you once again Nina 1 Comment. Show Hide None. Matt J on 8 Jan 2013
- ing the distance between 2 skew lines is to find two parallel planes passing through each line; this is because the distance between two planes is easy to calculate using vector projection

The Vector Projection calculator computes the resulting vector (W) that is a projection of vector V onto vector U in three dimensional space. Vector V projected on vector U INSTRUCTIONS: Enter the following: (V): Enter the x, y and z components of V separated by commas (e.g The 3-dimensional vector a = (a 1, a 2, a 3) in the diagram below has magnitude 17.83, the distance from the origin to (13, 10, 7), and direction, the orientation of the line from the origin to (13, 10, 7).Notice that the a 1 component is measured along the x-axis, the a 2 component is measured along the y-axis, and the a 3 component is measured along the z-axis

How to calculate route distance and time with respect to speed. I have used waypoints to draw the routes. Please note that you can use a maximum of 10 locations at a time is one half of distance across the base of the arc (half the chord length) * Note the sine function should calculated in radians. Then, knowing the radius and half the chord length, proceed as in method 1 above The output r is a vector of length n.In particular, r[i] is the distance between X[:,i] and Y[:,i].The batch computation typically runs considerably faster than calling evaluate column-by-column.. Note that either of X and Y can be just a single vector -- then the colwise function computes the distance between this vector and each column of the other argument 4 The span of the standard basis vectors e1,e2 is the xy-plane. A subset V of Rn is called a linear space if it is closed under addition scalar multiplication and contains 0. The image ofa linear transformation~x 7→A~x is the span of the column vectors of A. The image is a linear space. domain codomai Distance from point to plane formula. The following equation can be used to calculate the distance between a plane and point.. d = |A·X + B·Y + C·Z + D/ √A 2 + B 2 + C 2. Where D is the distance

Online calculator. Calculation of unknown parameters of projection using known parameters. Parameters are duration, maximum height, distance, initial velocity and angle Figure 1. Let S be a nontrivial subspace of a vector space V and assume that v is a vector in V that does not lie in S.Then the vector v can be uniquely written as a sum, v ‖ S + v ⊥ S, where v ‖ S is parallel to S and v ⊥ S is orthogonal to S; see Figure. The vector v ‖ S, which actually lies in S, is called the projection of v onto S, also denoted proj S v We still define the distance as the length of the perpendicular line segment connecting the point to the line. In space, however, there is no clear way to know which point on the line creates such a perpendicular line segment, so we select an arbitrary point on the line and use properties of vectors to calculate the distance Distance from point to plane. A sketch of a way to calculate the distance from point $\color{red}{P}$ (in red) to the plane. The vector $\color{green}{\vc{n}}$ (in green) is a unit normal vector to the plane. You can drag point $\color{red}{P}$ as well as a second point $\vc{Q}$ (in yellow) which is confined to be in the plane k be a family of linearly independent (column) vectors in Rn, and let W = Span(X 1,. . ., X k). In other words, the vectors X 1,. . ., X k form a basis for the k-dimensional subspace W of Rn. Suppose we are given another vector Y 2Rn. How can we project Y onto W orthogonally? In other words, can we ﬁnd a vector Yˆ 2W so that Y Yˆ is orthogona

Create distance-to-polygon-border layer¶ There are cases of remote sensing data analysis we have reference data (polygon vector data) which corresponds to to the extend of the features they represent on earth. As a consequence, the pixels that are at the inner border of the polygon are most likely so called mixed pixels Showing that the projection of x onto a subspace is the closest vector in the subspace to x If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked

Every point on the grid is a linear combination of two vectors. In the above picture, [0,1] and [1,0] spans the whole plane (R²). However, vectors don't need to be orthogonal to each other to span the plane. As long as they are two non-parallel vectors, their linear combinations will fill (SPAN) the whole plane Wolfram|Alpha brings expert-level knowledge and capabilities to the broadest possible range of people—spanning all professions and education levels

A. 1.1.1. Calculate the magnitudes of the following vectors:\(\text{(a) } \textbf{v} = (2,-1) \quad \text{(b) } \textbf{v} = (2,-1,0) \quad \text{(c) } \textbf{v. objects, so the distance between them depends on where you look. To specify, whenever we talk about the distance between to objects, we always mean at their closest points. There is no one formula for this as it depends on the objects involved. It often revolves around nding the length of a projection vector or the area of some parallelogram as shown in Figure 2.4. The total distance traveled is the sum of the magnitudes of the individual displacements, 8 m + 3 m = 11 m. The net displacement (the vector sum of the individual displacements), however, is still 5 meters to the left: . Chapter 2 - Motion in One Dimension Page 2 - 2 Displacement: a vector representing a change in. Distance from Lincoln, NE to Palisades State Park in utah by car driving travel time, route, mileage, air, rail, flight, train, highway, land, road, sea on map Distance from Oxford, ohio to Harrisonburg, va by car driving travel time, route, mileage, air, rail, flight, train, highway, land, road, sea on map

Therefore, the distance from the vector v to the nullspace V is kV w −vk. The calculations are in the MATLAB output below. END SOLUTION. 3.1.1 A Helpful MATLAB Program with Output Since W is the span of two orthogonal, nonzero vectors,. The magnitude of a vector is the distance from the endpoint of the vector to the origin - in a word, it's length. Suppose we want to calculate the magnitude of the vector ! a=[4,3]. This vector extends 4 units along the x-axis, and 3 units along the y-axis. To calculate the magnitude ! a of th • GCF Calculator • LCM Calculator • Pythagorean Triples List Orthorgonal Diagnolizer Online tool orthorgnol diagnolize a real symmetric matrix with step by step explanations.Start by entering your matrix row number and column number in the formula pane below ** FIRST CLICK ON WHAT YOU ARE SOLVING FOR - DISTANCE Enter 180 in the velocity box and choose miles per hour from its menu**. Enter 50 in the time box and choose seconds from its menu. Click CALCULATE and your answer is 2.5 miles (or 13,200 feet or 158,400 inches ,etc.) Here's hoping this calculator helps you with those math problems

4 **Span** and subspace 4.1 Linear combination Let x1 = [2,−1,3]T and let x2 = [4,2,1]T, both **vectors** in the R3.We are interested in which other **vectors** in R3 we can get by just scaling these two **vectors** and adding the results. We can get, for instance calc_KL: calc KL divergence from 2 character vector which has... create_dummy_master_data: create dummy master data create_dummy_transaction_data: create dummy transaction data distribution_distance: calculation distributin distance(L2) from 2 character vector... join_raw_anon_data: create reid-format data from raw and anon data frame reid_by_char: reidentify by character static colum Now enter the Span, L and LRV of transmitter in DP scale (Transmitter 4ma value in DP scale) parameters which can obtained from above interface measurement transmitter calibration tool. As we taken transmitter into line, the measured DP can be obtained. Now substitute all the parameters in the below interface calculation tool Vector Calculator. Enter values into Magnitude and Angle or X and Y. It will do conversions and sum up the vectors. Learn about Vectors and Dot Products

- We also let n ⃗ \vec{n} n be a vector normal to the line that starts from point P (x 1, y 1) P({ x }_{ 1 },{ y }_{ 1 }) P (x 1 , y 1 ). We can see from the figure above that the distance d d d is the orthogonal projection of the vector P Q ⃗ \vec{PQ} P Q . Thus we have from trigonometry
- In nvctr: The n-vector Approach to Geographical Position Calculations using an Ellipsoidal Model of Earth. Description Usage Arguments Value See Also Examples. View source: R/altitude_azimuth_distance.R. Description. The altitude (elevation from the horizon), azimuth and distance of a point B from A are the coordinates of the Topocentric Coordinate System as typically used in astronomy to aim.
- Keep Distance at Events and Gatherings: It is safest to avoid crowded places and gatherings where it may be difficult to stay at least 6 feet away from others who are not from your household. If you are in a crowded space, try to keep 6 feet of space between yourself and others at all times, and wear a mask

- The formula is to calculate average shear stress is force per unit area. Its S.I. unit is Pascal. τ = F/A . where, τ = the shear stress, F = the force applied and A = the cross-sectional area of material with area parallel to the applied force vector. The Shear force Calculatio
- Distance results will be output in meters, kilometers, feet, yards and miles. Area will be output in meters², kilometers², feet², yards² and acres. See also our radius map calculator to measure any distance in a circle from your location
- You may use a calculator for the arithmetic operations. Distance - b) Let {U1, U2, U3, U4} be an orthogonal basis for R4. Write x as the sum of two vectors V, and v2, with Vy in Span{u, uz, uz) and V2 in Span{u}. 1 2 X = Tec 14 1 NOTE: You should fill in all the boxes below before submitting: both vectors must be submitted at once
- e the amount of deflection and stress a beam of known cross section geometry will deflect under the specified load and distribution.Please note that SOME of these calculators use the section modulus of.
- main 2007/2/16 page 267 4.5 Linear Dependence and Linear Independence 267 32. {v1,v2}, where v1,v2 are collinear vectors in R3. 33. Prove that if S and S spanare subsets of a vector space V such that S is a subset of S, then span(S) is a subset of span(S ). 34. Prove tha
- Consider a vector space formed by the span of $$\begin{bmatrix}1 \\ 2 \\ 3\end{bmatrix}, \begin{bmatrix}3\\0\\-1\end{bmatrix}$$ The orthogonal complement is the set of all x such that $$\begin{bmatrix}1 \\ 2 \\ 3\end{bmatrix} \cdot x = 0 \text{ and} \begin{bmatrix}3\\0\\-1\end{bmatrix} \cdot x = 0$$ We can rewrite this as $$\begin{bmatrix} 3.
- The Euclidean distance formula finds the distance between any two points in Euclidean space. A point in Euclidean space is also called a Euclidean vector. You can use the Euclidean distance formula to calculate the distance between vectors of two different lengths. For vectors of different dimension, the same principle applies

- ds = incremental distance on airfoil p = pressure ∞ = pressure in the free stream = shear stress = angle between x-component and tangential component at a point, counter-clockwise dx = change in x direction dz = change in z direction l = lift per unit span d = drag per unit span v = velocity of fluid
- vectors in V given by. The set is called the orthogonal complement of W. Examples 1. From the above work, if , then . 2. Let A be any matrix. Now, the null space of A consists of those vectors x with . However, if and only if for each row of the matrix A. Hence, the null space of A is the set of all vectors
- e the
- Angular Vector forces can be calculated using mathematical formula. Here is a formula that we can use to calculate the amount of force that is being applied to the deviation or directional pulley anchor point when measuring from the angle of deflection. So far on this page we have used kilograms to represent the loads in the illustrations
- vectors v1 = (1,−1,1,−1) and v2 = (0,2,2,0). The plane Π is not a subspace of R4 as it does not pass through the origin. Let Π0 = Span(v1,v2). Then Π = Π0 +x0. Hence the distance from the point z to the plane Π is the same as the distance from the point z−x0 to the plane Π0. We shall apply the Gram-Schmidt process to vectors v1,v2,z.
- Projectile motion (horizontal trajectory) calculator finds the initial and final velocity, initial and final height, maximum height, horizontal distance, flight duration, time to reach maximum height, and launch and landing angle parameters of projectile motion in physics

- Eye Coordinate System Origin: eye position Three basis vectors: one is the normal vector (n) of the viewing plane, the other two are the ones (u and v) that span the viewing plane eye Center of interest (COI) n u v Remember u,v,n should be all unit vectors n is pointing away from the world because we use righ
- vector by a row vector instead of the other way around. It is often better to combine steps (2) and (3). (Note that you still need to nd a basis!) Here is the result: Let A be the matrix with columns ~v i. Then P = A(ATA) 1AT Your textbook states this formula without proof in Section 5.4, so I thought I'd write up the proof
- Problems 3.5 Up: VECTOR SPACES Previous: Problems 3.4 BASES OF VECTOR SPACES; THE BASIS PROBLEM The set of vectors spans .That is, any vector in is a linear combination of and .The set of vectors also spans .Sets and differ in that is linearly independent while is linearly dependent. This makes a difference in writing a vector as a linear combination of vectors in the set
- The behavior is undefined if last is not reachable from first by (possibly repeatedly) incrementing first. (until C++11) If InputIt is not LegacyRandomAccessIterator, the behavior is undefined if last is not reachable from first by (possibly repeatedly) incrementing first.If InputIt is LegacyRandomAccessIterator, the behavior is undefined if last is not reachable from first and first is not.
- Vectors can be moved freely by definition, so all vectors might have the distance 0. Or 42
- An azimuth is a special kind of geometric angle used chiefly in land navigation. It is the angle between the vertical (north or 0°) and the line between the starting point and the desired end point. No special azimuth formula is needed, just a map, protractor, pencil and your start and end points

Add as Many Vectors as You Wish enter as many individuals vectors and find the resultant vector's magnitude and angle: vectoradd.zip: 1k: 04-05-09: Vector Addition This program is very simple, fast and easy to use. As the title implies, it adds two vectors and displays the result. vectorcalc.zip: 1k: 03-12-01: Vector Calculator Enter your. Find the distance from y to the plane in R3 spanned by u1 and u2. Write the vectors u_1 = [-3 -5 1], u_2 = [-3 2 1] and y = [5 -9 5] Find verify that {u_1,u_2} is an orthogonal set. Compute the dot product Quick Explanation . When we know the horizontal and vertical distances between two points we can calculate the straight line distance like this:. distance = √ a 2 + b INNER PRODUCT & ORTHOGONALITY . Definition: The Inner or Dot Product of the vectors: , is defined as follows.. Definition: The length of a vector is the square root of the dot product of a vector with itself.. Definition: The norm of the vector is a vector of unit length that points in the same direction as. Definition: The distance between two vectors is the length of their difference L = vibrating span length (m) m = belt mass per unit length and width (kg /m 2) b = belt width (m) Belt tension can also be measured, or estimated, by causing the belt to deflect by a given amount (typically 1/64 inch per inch of belt span, or 0.4 mm per 25 mm of belt span) with a specified force